(Photo: IDB)

FAO: Environmental projects can generate jobs, economic growth in LatAm, C’bean

(Photo: IDB)

How were farmers in Ecuador able to increase their income by 40 per cent and reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by 20 per cent? How was it possible for farmers in Uruguay to reduce their use of pesticides by 70 per cent? And how could a clean energy initiative in Mexico’s agribusiness sector avoid the emission of six million tons of carbon, improving
the working conditions of its workers and the environmental health of the surrounding communities?

A new publication from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) answers these questions and analyses seven transformative experiences in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, Uruguay
and the Caribbean.

Towards a sustainable and resilient agriculture in Latin America and the Caribbean shows — with concrete examples — how to go from good practices to public policies, and how to align environmental objectives with efficient and
socially inclusive agricultural production.

“Now, more than ever, it is essential to take advantage of the investments that post-pandemic reconstruction will require to advance the fight against climate change and to reduce the environmental footprint of agriculture,” said FAO
Regional Representative Julio Berdegué.

Food and Agriculture Organization Regional Representative Julio Berdegué (Photo: The Caribbean Camera)

Seven successful cases

In Ecuador, a climate-smart livestock project implemented in more than 800 farms allowed 1,056 farmers to increase their milk production, increase their income and improve the quality of the soils on 40 thousand hectares. The
project avoided the emission of 24 thousand tons of greenhouse gases, thanks to techniques such as rotary grazing and the production of compost for pastures. In addition, the farmers learned to produce their own feed, and also
applied digital tools to monitor their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

In Mexico, a project that promoted efficient and low-emission technologies in agriculture and agri-business allowed 1,842 agri-businesses — mainly cattle, pig and poultry farms, meat processing centers and agro-processing
industries — to reduce their net GHG emissions by 6 million tons of CO2 eq, in addition to producing energy from biomass.

In Uruguay, a project on good practices and alternatives to the use of pesticides worked with more than 2,000 technicians and producers, and demonstrated that it is possible to reduce the use of herbicides by up to 70 per cent
in a soy production cycle, without affecting yields and without increased costs: this meant — for the cases evaluated — a saving of 40 dollars per hectare, on average.

In Chile, the Clean Production Agreements allowed 340 members of family farming in the El Maule region to increase their economic benefits by 15 per cent, reducing their energy use, their GHG emissions, their waste and the use of
pesticides, in addition to improving the use of water and soil.

In Guatemala and Colombia, a community forest management project helped promote forest conservation, generated employment, and increased investment in social and productive development. In Guatemala, 1,233 families participated in 350 thousand hectares of the Maya Biosphere Reserve in Petén, while in Colombia it involved 25 communities and two logging associations.

A project for the sustainable management of trawl fisheries in Brazil, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago, made it possible to reduce unintentional fishing by up to 36 per cent thanks to new nets and technology, protecting
threatened species such as turtles and rays, and reducing their environmental impact of these fisheries.

A school of fish n the Caribbean Sea. A project for the sustainable management of trawl fisheries in Brazil, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago, made it possible to reduce unintentional fishing by up to 36 per centA school of fish n the Caribbean Sea (Photo: St Lucia Online)

In Colombia, agro-climatic technical roundtables allowed a banana union in Magdalena and La Guajira to reduce its losses due to climatic effects by 15 per cent and its use of fertilizers by 25 per cent per hectare.

All these initiatives show that it is not necessary to choose between creating jobs and caring for the environment, or between the necessary sustainable transformation of agriculture and the post-pandemic economic reactivation,
because environmental projects and policies also generate multiple economic and social benefits.