Venezuela’s State energy firm PDVSA has been shipping more oil this month to close ally Cuba, as tighter US sanctions have worsened fuel shortages on the Caribbean island.
Six vessels, most of them owned by PDVSA’s maritime arm, have exported an average of 173,000 barrels per day (bpd) of Venezuelan crude and fuel to Cuba so far this month, according to Refinitiv Eikon data and PDVSA’s documents. At least two more cargoes are planned for the remainder of the month, according to the documents and data.
In January, PDVSA’s exports to Cuba dipped to their lowest since mid-2019, at just 56,600 bpd. “There are more vessels setting sail to Cuba in the past two weeks,” reported a ship supervisor working at a port on Venezuela’s western coast to Reuters.
“They are going in and out very fast,” he added without elaborating on details about PDVSA’s instructions. Sanctions imposed by Washington last year on PDVSA and Cuba’s State-run Cubametales, with the aim of toppling Venezuelan leader, Nicolas Maduro, hampered PDVSA’s oil shipments to Cuba.
The island’s energy crisis hit its key sugar industry this month with two mills halting operations in peak harvesting season. Cuba also has experienced hour-long lines at pumping stations, while in the far east of the island supply seems to have dried up.
Reports indicate that gasoline stations received some supply for the first time in a week but the fuel lasted only a few hours. PDVSA and the Cuban government did not immediately respond to requests for comment by Reuters.
Similar shortages in September prompted PDVSA to send a flotilla of tankers with emergency cargoes of fuel oil and other refined products to Cuba. The help was short-lived as sanctions reduced the number of vessels available to transport PDVSA’s oil to Cuba.
In recent months, Venezuela’s own low fuel production was another reason for the decline in shipments. PDVSA has been forced to rely more on imported products both to satisfy Venezuelan demand and to re-export to allies like Cuba. Cuba has sought to diversify its imports in recent weeks with vessels arriving from Argentina, Algeria and Curacao, according to the Eikon data.
Due to the shortage, the island seems to be prioritising power generation over motor fuel supply and fuel oil to industrial customers, said analyst Jorge Piñon from the University of Texas at Austin. It was not immediately possible to obtain data on Cuba’s domestic fuel production.
BROADER ECONOMIC CRISIS
Cuba’s fuel crisis even affected the key tourism sector this month, one of country’s top sources of hard currency. For a while, agencies could only rent cars with a fuel quota so limited it would barely suffice for tourists to get around Havana. The situation had returned to normal by Thursday.
Cuba has faced shortages of everything, not just fuel, over the past year as the US sanctions worsen a liquidity crisis that started with a decline in Venezuelan aid four years ago. Washington accuses the Cuban government of repressing its citizens and providing security assistance to prop up Maduro, who it brands a dictator.
Maduro hit back saying the United States is seeking to control Venezuela’s massive oil reserves.